Periodontal disease or chronic periodontitis often people call it disease of dental gums. In fact, it is a disease of the periodontium or retaining tissue that holds the tooth fixed to the jawbone. Besides caries, Periodontal disease is the most frightful disease in the oral cavity. Mostly after 40s more people lose teeth due Periodontal disease, than for cavities.

The first signs of gum disease are reddening and swollen gums that bleed easily. Causes of Periodontal disease can vary. The most common reason is certainly poor oral hygiene and bad habits: smoking and squealing with teeth. However, the development of necessary Periodontal disease is the presence of microorganisms, ie deposits or plaque. Plaque produce acids that irritants and damage tooth enamel and gums, causing inflammation – gingivitis. Inflammation causes crop palate because it occurs gingival pocket. If the inflammation is not treated, gingival pocket will deepen and develop into periodontitis that will eventually lead to loss of teeth. Periodontal disease is also associated with loss of jaw bone, etc. bone resorption.

TREATMENT:

Periodontal disease in the initial stages is prevented by removing the causes of the disease, namely the puck and tartar, and with controlled oral hygiene. Tartar cleaning is recommended to be done every 6 months. Thus also performed and control dentist. Besides washing teeth with toothbrush and toothpaste, it is also necessary to use dental floss and interdental brushes for better and more efficient cleaning interdentals space. If Periodontal disease has advanced, then acceding to clean the roots of teeth and dental pockets thus avoiding the extraction of teeth. Plaque, tartar, and with them the bacteria must be removed completely from all surfaces of the teeth or tooth pocket should be completely clean to its bottom. Sometimes complete cleaning and repair of dental pockets requires surgery. Surgery will raise part of the mucous membrane in the gingival and remove pathological modified tissue. As we mentioned, from Periodontal disease suffers gums (gingivitis) and jawbone. Loss of jawbone may be offset by the insertion of artificial bone and membrane in the surgical incision.

CAUTION: The artificial bone and membrane resorptive biological materials which achieves controlled creation of new jaw bone, i.e. for a period between 6 -9 months it’s replaced by new bone tissue.

Patients with gum disease are more prone to heart disease and disease of blood vessels, lung disease, complications of diabetes; in pregnant women are possible premature birth, low weight of the newborn and others.

Therefore, regular checkups with your dentist are crucial for your teeth and your health also.